0

Basic PLC Ladder Programming Training Examples for Beginners.

 Hi friends here we are starting here a series of Free Training on PLC Ladder Programming training & tutorials.These PLC Ladder Programs are important to get basics of Ladder programs.

 PLC Ladder Practice Problem: 

Automatically infusing the container with liquids A and B in order when START is pressed.When it reaches the set level, mix the two liquids evenly then open the valve to let out the mixture.




Topics Covered in this example is PLC based Batch Process.

Number of PLC Inputs Required

X1 – Start Switch.

X1 – Low level float sensor. X1 = ON when the liquid level reaches X1.

X2 – High level float sensor. X2 = ON when the liquid level reaches X2.

X3 – Stop Switch.

X10 - EMERGENCY STOP button. X10 = ON when the button is pressed.

Number of PLC Outputs Required

Y0 – Liquid A Inlet

Y1 – Liquid B Inlet

Y2 – Mixture Outlet

Y3 – Agitator /Stirrer

Number of PLC Timer Required

T0 – 60 second Timer, 100 ms Time Base. (See K60 Preset Value for Timer)

T1 – 120 second Timer, 100 ms Time Base. (See K1200 Preset Val. for Timer)

PLC Ladder Programming:



 

PLC Ladder Program Description:

·        X0 = ON when START is pressed. Y0 will be ON and latched, and the valve will be opened for infusing liquid A until the level reaches the low-level float sensor. 

·        X1 = ON when the level reaches the low-level float sensor. Y1 will be ON and latched, and the valve will be opened for infusing liquid B until the level reaches the high-level float sensor.  

·        X2 = ON when the level reaches the high-level float sensor. Y3 will be ON and activates the agitator. Also, timer T0 will start to count for 60 sec. After 60 sec, T0 will be ON, and the agitator motor Y3 will stop working. Y2 will be ON and latched, and the mixture will drain out of the container. 

·        When Y2 = ON, timer T1 will start to count for 120 sec. After 120 sec, T1 will be ON and Y2 will be OFF. The draining process will be stopped. 

·        When an error occurs, press EMERGENCY STOP button X10. The NC contact X10 will be ON to disable all the outputs. The system will then stop running.

 

Post a Comment

 
Top